Paris Agreement Nationally Contributions

The Paris Agreement was adopted on December 12, 2015, by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and signed by 195 countries. Its goal is to limit global warming by keeping the increase in temperature well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

One of the key aspects of the Paris Agreement is that each country is required to submit a nationally determined contribution (NDC) outlining their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. These NDCs are updated every five years and are intended to be more ambitious each time.

The first round of NDCs was submitted in 2015, with countries outlining their targets for reducing emissions by 2030. The targets vary greatly from country to country, depending on their level of development and their contribution to the problem. For example, the United States pledged to reduce emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025, while China pledged to peak its emissions by 2030 and increase the share of non-fossil fuels in its primary energy consumption to about 20%.

These NDCs are important because they provide a framework for global action on climate change. By outlining their own contributions, countries can hold each other accountable and create a sense of urgency around the need for action. However, some critics argue that the targets are not ambitious enough and that the lack of enforcement mechanisms makes it difficult to hold countries accountable.

Despite these criticisms, the Paris Agreement and the NDCs represent an important step forward in the fight against climate change. By agreeing to take action and setting concrete targets, countries have acknowledged the severity of the problem and taken the first steps towards a more sustainable future. As the world continues to grapple with the impacts of climate change, it is clear that more action is needed, but the Paris Agreement and the NDCs provide a strong foundation for global cooperation and progress.

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